Circles in the Air
Some children have a difficult time visualizing their body in space. They also have difficulty coordinating their right and left hands and doing things simultaneously. Circles in the Air and Circles on the Board are exercises to help develop these skills.
In this exercise the participant is asked to draw figures in the air. The figures can be shapes but can also be letters and numbers. The student practices this exercise daily until the images appear to be correctly drawn in the same sequence if they were written on paper. This is a simple and very basic exercise. It does not require any materials until the participant starts making numbers and letters in the air. The assistant will need a chart on how to make letters and numbers correctly. A writing chart can guide teachers and parents to teach the correct writing sequences to make the letter correctly. These charts are available thought the Internet. Two of our favorites are at Sparklebox and Hand Writing without Tears.
Step by Step Instructions: Circles in the Air.
1. The participant stands or sits and draws an imaginary circle in the air with their hand and the index finger is used as the imaginary writing tool. It is important to coach the participant to end the circle where they started.
2. The participant does the same thing with the other hand. The participant attempts to end at the same place they started.
3. Steps 1 and 2 are repeated several times.
4. The participant is then instructed to draw a square with one hand. Again the participant attempts to end the square at the same place that the square was started.
5. The participant does the same thing with the other hand. The participant attempts to end at the same place they started.
6. Steps 4 and 5 are repeated several times.
7. Mastery is when the child can make accurate representations of the required shape as judged by their movements and their ability to end the design at the appropriate spot in the air
8. Once simple shapes have been mastered, the participant can move on to letters of the alphabet and numbers. Of special importance are the letters and numbers that the child often reverses or writes incorrectly. These should be worked on enough so that mastery is reached. A chart on correct sequences for forming a letter is recommended. Two of our favorites are at Sparklebox and Hand Writing without Tears.
Exercise:Circles in the Air.
Time: about 3 to 5 minutes.
Recommended Frequency: once a day to several times during the day, 5 or 6 days per week.
Pretest Assessment: the participant has trouble with knowing where their body is in space, visual motor integration problems, writing letters correctly and problems with visual imagery.
Mastery: is when the child can easily draw the correct sequence of letters and numbers in the air by judging their movements with their finger.
Additional comments: This exercise starts off easy with circles and then common shapes. It ends up with letters and numbers. This exercise can be completed anywhere and about any time. Some children will need practice several times a day until mastery has been achieved. Repeated practices can help with establishing muscle memory or even correcting incorrect muscle memory. Sometimes parents, assistants or instructors need to be patient as some children are likely make the same mistake over and over again, until mastery is finally achieved.
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The above photograph was taken by DAVID ZHOU on Unsplash. We are grateful.
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